Ask a Librarian

Threre are lots of ways to contact a librarian. Choose what works best for you.

HOURS TODAY

Closed

Reference Desk

CONTACT US BY PHONE

(802) 656-2022

Voice

(802) 503-1703

Text

MAKE AN APPOINTMENT OR EMAIL A QUESTION

Schedule an Appointment

Meet with a librarian or subject specialist for in-depth help.

Email a Librarian

Submit a question for reply by e-mail.

WANT TO TALK TO SOMEONE RIGHT AWAY?

Library Hours for Saturday, November 18th

All of the hours for today can be found below. We look forward to seeing you in the library.
HOURS TODAY
Closed
MAIN LIBRARY

SEE ALL LIBRARY HOURS
WITHIN BAILEY/HOWE

MapsClosed

Media ServicesClosed

Reference DeskClosed

Cyber Cafe (All Night Study)Closed

OTHER DEPARTMENTS

Special CollectionsClosed

Dana Medical Library9:00 am - 8:00 pm

Classroom Technology ServicesClosed

 

CATQuest

Search the UVM Libraries' collections

MLA Style Citation Guide

How to Cite Your Sources in MLA Style

Based on: MLA Handbook. 8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016. Call no.: LB 2369 .G53 2016. There are four copies near the Reference Desk and three on the 3rd floor.

For detailed, online information, please visit the MLA Style Web site: https://style.mla.org/

In-text Citations

In-text citations are parenthetical statements inserted in the body of your text. Whenever you quote directly from a source or paraphrase another writer’s work, you need to supply an in-text citation. In-text citations direct the reader to a source listed in the Works Cited section of your paper.

In-text citations should contain: 

  1. the last name of an author (or authors) whose work appears in the Works Cited section;
  2. a title keyword if multiple works by the same author are cited; and 3) a page number or other locating number.

Works Cited

These are the works you have actually cited in your paper or other research project. They should be listed in alphabetical order and begin with the author’s last name or, when there is no apparent author, the first prominent word of a title. Visit the MLA Web site at the above address to see examples of properly formatted Works Cited lists. Click on “Sample Papers in MLA Style.”

Examples

The following section features two works as they would appear in a Works Cited list, and four in-text citations based on those two works. Additional Works Cited examples follow.

Works Cited

Brands, H.W. American Colossus: The Triumph of Capitalism, 1865-1900. 
    Doubleday, 2010. 

“U. of Vermont Abolishes Carnival Scored as Racist.” The New York Times
    (1923-Current file), 2 Nov. 1969, p. 59. ProQuest Historical 
    Newspapers, search.proquest.com/docview/118632689? accountid=14679

In-text Citations

Basic Format

The official report on The Great Fire of 1871 exonerates the cow but 
still mentions the O’Leary farm (Brands 582).

Author mentioned in text:

As H.W. Brands points out, the official report does not state how the 
fire started (582).

When multiple works by same author are consulted:

According to Brands, the official report does not state how the fire 
started (American Colossus 582).

Another in-text citation with a title:

Students decided to replace Kake Walk with a “winter music and film 
festival” (“U. of Vermont” 59).

Book

BOOK (1 author)

Brands, H.W. American Colossus: The Triumph of Capitalism, 1865-1900.
    Doubleday, 2010.

ELECTRONIC BOOK

Marshall, Grace. How to Be REALLY Productive. Pearson Education, 2015.
    Safari Books Online, proquest. Safaribooksonline .com/9781292083865

BOOK (2 authors)

Halperin, Mark and John Heilemann. Double Down: Game Change 2012. 
    Penguin Press, 2013.

BOOK (3+ authors)

Note use of et al. (Lat., "and others") and UP ("University Press").

Johnston, Richard, et al. The 2000 Presidential Election and the 
    Foundations of Party Politics. Cambridge UP, 2004. 

BOOK (1 editor)

Bloom, Harold, editor. American Poetry 1946 to 1965. Chelsea House 
    Publishers, 1987

BOOK (2+ editors)

Frye, Joshua J. and Michael S. Bruner, editors. The Rhetoric of Food:
    Discourse, Materiality, and Power. Routledge, 2012.

BOOK (2+ editors, "et al." option)

Breakey, Suellen, et al., editors. Global Health Nursing in the 21st
    Century. Springer, 2015. 

TRANSLATED WORK (emphasis on translator)

Briggs, Anthony, translator. War and Peace. By Leo Tolstoy, 
    Viking, 2006. 

Chapter or Part of a Book

BOOK CHAPTER

Stecopoulos, Harilaos. "Henry James, Propagandist." Henry James Today,
    pp. 71-86. Cambridge Scholars, 2014. 

ESSAY IN A BOOK

Note use and placement of "edited by," reserved for other contributors (MLA Handbook 37).

Popp, Ann Marie, et al. “Gender, Bullying Victimization, and 
    Education.” Perspectives on Bullying: Research on Childhood,
    Workplace, and Cyberbullying, edited by Roland D. Maiuro, 
    Springer, 2015, pp. 1-14

Encyclopedia Entry

ENCYCLOPEDIA ENTRY (print)

Since the publisher is Encyclopædia Universalis, it is omitted.

Agulhon, Maurice. “Provence.” Encyclopædia Universalis, vol. 19, 1992, 
    pp. 146-147. 

ENCYCLOPEDIA ENTRY (online)

Note *date of access.

Luhr, William. “Film Noir.” Oxford Bibliographies: Cinema and 
    Media Studies, Oxford UP, *13 May 2016, 
    DOI: 10.1093/obo/ 9780199791286-0029 

Journal Article

JOURNAL ARTICLE (print)

Canonici, N. N. “The Sour Milk of Contention: Analysis of a Zulu 
    Folktale.” African Studies, vol. 48, no. 1, 1989, pp. 1- 36.

JOURNAL ARTICLE (online)

Day-Vines, Norma L., and Cheryl Holcomb-McCoy. “Wellness among African 
    American Counselors.” Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education 
    and Development, vol. 46, no. 1, Spring 2007, pp. 82-97. ProQuest, 
    search.proquest.com/docview/212445861

Newspaper Article

NEWSPAPER ARTICLE (online)

“U. of Vermont Abolishes Carnival Scored as Racist.” The New York 
    Times (1923-Current file), 2 Nov. 1969, p. 59. ProQuest 
    Historical Newspapers, search.proquest.com/docview/118632689? 
    accountid=14679

Website

Kinzel, Bob. “Marijuana Legalization in Vermont: What Happened, and 
    What’s Next?” VPR [Vermont Public Radio]: News, 9 May 2016, 
    digital.vpr.net/post/marijuana-legalization-vermontwhat-happened
    -and-whats-next. Accessed 9 May 2016 (if no other date is given).

E-mail

Gao, Jessica. “Digtal Contents of Studies on Chinese and Asian.” 
    Received by David A. Ridley, 18 May, 2016.

DVD of Television Episode

Emphasis is on writer, but other participants could be mentioned.

“Bed Bugs and Beyond.” Orange is the New Black: Season Three, written
    by Jim Danger Gray, episode 2, Lionsgate, 2016, disc 1.

Copyright 2016, UVM Libraries, Dept. of Information & Instruction Services.

Comments to: Jake Barickman, jbarickm@uvm.edu