A Short History of Newspapers in Vermont:Wedged between New York and New Hampshire, Vermont was known as the New Hampshire Grants until shortly after the American Revolution. Vermont's first weekly newspaper, The Vermont Gazette or Green Mountain Post Boy, was printed in 1781 by Judah Padock Spooner and Timothy Green in Westminster on the historical Dresden Press (the first printing press in Vermont). Other eighteenth-century newspaper titles include the Vermont Journal and the Universal Advertiser (Hough & Spooner, 1783, Windsor), Herald of Vermont (1792, Rutland), Rutland Herald (1794, Rutland), Fair Haven Gazette (1795, Fair Haven), Farmer's Library (1795, Fair Haven), Burlington Mercury (1796, Burlington), Federal Galaxy (1797, Brattleboro). Early newspaper publishing centered on primarily four locations, Bennington, Brattleboro, Rutland, and Burlington. In 1805 Montpelier became the state's capital. Montpelier's first newspaper was the Vermont Precursor (Brown & Parks, 1806).
By 1830 many towns in Vermont had their own local newspapers. From 1828-1843 the Vermont Telegraph was published in Brandon. This was a reform newspaper espousing such controversial beliefs as women's rights, abolishment of capital punishment, anti-smoking, and vegetarianism. Other notable Vermont newspapers include the Montpelier Argus (1897-1959), and Spirit of the Age (1845-1913), published in Woodstock -- among the few Democratic newspapers in the state.
Vermont's lumber, marble, and granite industries attracted Italian, Slavic, Scottish, and Finnish immigrants to the state. Though these combined nationalities today account for less than 1 percent of the state's total population, ethnic newspapers are well represented in the state. In the 1880's five Italian artists were persuaded to teach marble sculpting in Proctor. More Italian immigrants followed to work in both the marble and granite quarries in the Barre area. At the turn of the century there were eight Italian-language newspapers being published in Vermont. Cronaca sovversiva was an anarchist newspaper published in the early 1900s. It reported such news as Emma Goldman's lectures in Barre and activities of the Industrial Workers' of the World (IWW or Wobblies).
Early French Canadians looked to Vermont as a more liberal environment for publishing than Canada. In 1839 Le Patriote canadien was published in Burlington and holds the distinction of being the first French-language newspaper published in New England. Additional 1830's French Canadian newspapers include La Révolution canadienne (1838, Burlington). The North American (Swanton, 1839) was sold throughout Vermont and Wisconsin. In 1869 L'Idée nouvelle was published as a Québec secessionist paper.