How to Cite Your Electronic Sources in APA Format
This guide is based on the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association ( 6th ed., 2nd printing). (2010). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. The complete manual can be found near the reference desk under the call number Ref Desk BF 76.7 .A46 6th ed. 2010. For in-text citation formats, see pp. 174-183, especially p. 177; or view the following resources online:
American Psychological Association. (2011). The basics of APA style: Citing references in text [online tutorial]. Retrieved from http://www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorials/basics-tutorial.aspx Angeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderland, L., Brizee, A., & Keck, R. (2010, December 2). APA formatting and style guide: In-text citations. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/02/
Reference List Examples
Journal Article with Digital Object Identifier (DOI) Evers, C., de Ridder, D. T. D., & Adriaanse, M. A. (2010). Adequately predicting emotional eating with self-reports: Not as easy as pie. Health Psychology, 29(4), 344-345. doi:10.1037/a0020228 Journal Article without DOI – article retrieved from a database Duran, B., Oetzel, J., Parker, T., Malcoe, L., Lucero, J., & Jiang, Y.. (2009). Intimate partner violence and alcohol, drug, and mental disorders among American Indian women from Southwest tribes in primary care. American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research, 16(2), 11-27. Retrieved from Ethnic NewsWatch (ENW). • NOTE: Date of retrieval no longer required. • NOTE: The volume number is italicized, but the issue number is not! Hence: 16(2) Online Magazine Article Michaelson, P. (1999, October). The emotional roots of childhood violence. SelfhelpMagazine, Retrieved from http://www.selfhelpmagazine.com/article/child-violence Various Online Reports (template only) Author, A. A. (Year of publ.). Italicized title of work (Report series no., if any). Place of publ.: Publisher. Retrieved from [*Agency website:] http://www.xxxxx.xxx *Omit if agency is already cited as author. Omit brackets. Chapter or Section in an Internet document Author, A. A./Organization/Sponsor. (Year). Title of the chapter or section. In Title of the document(chap. #, if available) . Retrieved from [URL or Web site]. Example: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs. (2010). Section 2: Eastern region. In Tribal leaders directory: Summer 2010. Retrieved from http://www.bia.gov/idc/groups/xois/ documents/text/idc002652.pdf Report Generated in an Interactive Database or Data Set Basic Form: Author or Publisher. (Year). Title of report [Note about nature of report]. Retrieved from URL/ other format designation. Examples: Experien Simmons. (2007). National consumer study [Custom cross- tabulation of data]. Retrieved from CD-ROM. World Bank. (2011). World databank. [Custom cross-tabulation of data]. Retrieved from http://databank.worldbank.org/ddp/home.do?Step= 12&id=4&CNO=2 Green Mountain Coffee Roasters. (2003). Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 27, 2003. Retrieved from http://www.sec.gov/ edgar.shtm IBISWorld. (March 26, 2009). Soybean farming in the US: 11111. Retrieved from http://www.ibisworld.com/launch.aspx Cella, Jason. (2009). Comcast Corporation, fact sheet. Retrieved from http:// www. proquest.com/en-US/catalogs/databases/detail/hoovers_ co_records.shtml
For Documents not Covered in the APA Manual
To cite a document not covered in the APA Manual, follow the basic forms listed above and provide as much useful information as you can. Author(s), if available, or title(s), followed by the year of publication in parentheses should be the first part of the reference. More specific titles, content descriptions in square brackets (Title of document [type of document]) and the Internet address (URL) make up the second part of the reference.
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